You won’t last more than three days if you’re stuck in the wild without fresh water. When you find yourself in a survival situation, your first task is locating clean drinking water.\nIf you’re lucky, the environment you find yourself in will provide you with a source of water—however, it’s highly unlikely that it will be immediately drinkable. There are thousands of microorganisms and bacteria that live in water and without proper filtration, you could end up becoming violently ill—or even dying—after consuming unpurified water.\nThis guide will teach you how to purify water in the wild so you can worry less about survival when things don’t go according to plan. Take a look at these seven filtration systems designed to help you access clean water in any survival situation.\n\nWater Filtration System\nBoiling\nTablets or Drops\nDistillation\nPlants\nStone Boiling\nSedimentation\n\n1. Water Filtration System\nIn order to learn how to filter water in the wild, it’s important to practice at home. By gathering basic materials like sand and rocks, you can easily create a tool that can be used to filter water in the great outdoors.\nKeep in mind, filtering water in nature through things like sand and charcoal won’t purify it completely, but it will remove physical threats and hazards. You will still need to use an additional method for purifying water in the wild before it’s safe to drink. \n\nIn order to create your filter, you’ll need a cone-like container to hold your filtration materials, like a plastic water bottle.\n\nIf need be, you can create a cone using large leaves and bundled sticks. Adding a bit of moss or cloth at the bottom of your filter will allow you to prevent your filtration materials (sand, rocks, moss, etc) from escaping out of the bottom.\nPro tip: if you can’t find any materials for your filter in the wild, using a T-shirt or bundle of cloth is the next best thing. Consider washing or boiling your cloth before using it as a filter.\n2. Boiling\nBoiling water is one of the best wilderness water purification methods. Boiling clear water is the most efficient way to make it safe to drink. Most bacteria and microorganisms can’t survive in boiling water, and they will likely die off during the heating process.\nOnly boil clear water. If you boil water contaminated with physical materials like dirt and leaves, you could still end up getting sick from the heavy minerals that will seep into your water. Even stagnant water from lakes can be boiled and purified.\nWith a solid container and a decent fire, you could have purified water in as little as 10 minutes. Just make sure that you let the water bubble for at least five minutes before you remove it from the fire. Once your water has been thoroughly boiled, let it rest for another five minutes.\n\n3. Tablets or Drops\nIf you plan on making a bug out bag checklist to build up your emergency supplies, be sure to add purification tablets or drops to the list. When you don’t know how to purify water in the wild, these can work in a pinch.\nThe most common ingredients in the filtration tablets are iodine, chlorine, and potassium permanganate. In small enough doses, these ingredients aren’t harmful. However, they are extremely efficient at removing harmful organisms in your drinking water.\nOne of our best disaster preparedness tips: Include some of these purifying drops in your family’s emergency preparedness bags.\nOne drawback of tablets is that you will need a way to measure the amount of water you’re going to purify so you don’t over or under-use the drops\/tablets. Most tablets require about 20 liters of water.\nHere are the steps you need to take when purifying your water with tablets:\n\nFilter 20 liters (or required amount) until water is clear.\nFill your container and add the drops or tablets in as instructed.\nShake or stir the container for about 10-20 seconds to ensure that everything is evenly mixed.\nLet the water rest for at least 20 minutes before you drink it.\n\n\n4. Distillation\nThis method of purifying water in the wild is particularly useful in tropical settings or Pacific regions. Often, when you find fresh water in a tropical setting, it may contain high levels of sodium and minerals. Drinking this water may cause you to become even more dehydrated if you aren’t careful.\nOne way to separate the water from its salts and minerals is to distill it. However, this process requires some items that might not be accessible in the wild. For the distillation process to work, you will need some type of container, a smaller container, and a cover.\nBy placing the smaller vessel inside the larger one and filling the larger one with salt water, you can cover it and let condensation naturally separate the water for you. Just make sure that your cover is indented towards the smaller vessel so that the condensation collects on the cover in a way that causes it to run down and drip into your smaller container.\nWith enough sunlight and the right gear, you can easily gather all of the drinkable water you need to survive. While this process doesn’t fully purify your water, it distills it. This water can then be filtered using an emergency water filter.\n\n5. Plants\nYou might be surprised to learn that there are a handful of plants in the wild that will purify and\/or filter your water. However, you need to have a strong understanding and familiarity with these plants before using them. A single mistake when learning how to purify water in the wild with plants could lead to severe consequences.\nThe following flowers and plants can be used to remove dangerous contaminants from water:\n\nPlant Xylem\nCilantro\nRice and coconuts\nBanana peels\nFruit Peels\nReeds and bulrushes\nJackfruit seeds\nJava plum seed\nMoringa Oleifera\nOregon Grape\n\nFruit peels and shrubs like the Oregon Grape are a great way to purify your water.\n\nBy sealing and soaking your clear water in a bag with these plants, you can easily create clean drinking water. The inner bark of the Oregon Grape plant naturally contains berberine which is an antimicrobial alkaloid.\n\nUnfortunately, you aren’t likely to find this plant in a tropical or desert setting. Citric fruits and their seeds are a great substitute, and if you have access to coconuts, they are a great source of both water and water purifying materials.\n6. Stone Boiling\nThere are going to be a handful of situations when you’re stuck in the wild without the sufficient materials needed to boil your water. Even if you’re crafty enough to construct a clay pot using materials from a riverbed, it won’t likely withstand the heat needed to bring your water to a boil.\nTo get around this roadblock, many wilderness survivalists have adapted the method of bringing rocks to extremely high temperatures before dropping them in water.\nYou will still need some kind of container for your water that won’t get destroyed by these extremely hot rocks, but this may be a viable solution in a pinch. Grab a few stones, wash them, and throw them in the coals of a hot fire.\n\nOnce the rocks are hot enough, they can be removed with wooden tongs and placed into your water container. If your water doesn’t begin to boil within seconds after dropping the rocks in, then you will have to continue adding hot rocks until it does or start over again.\n\nThe best vessels for this strategy are larger, hollowed out rocks that are capable of holding water.\n7. Sedimentation\nIt might seem like a no-brainer when discovering how to filter water in the wild, but this method often goes overlooked. When faced with extremely murky water, sedimentation is a great way to deal with the excess of unwanted particles.\nSimply by leaving your water stagnant for an extended period will force all of the particles to sink to the bottom, leaving the clean water at the top. Using a separate container, the top part of the water can be scooped up used in your purification system.\nWhen you take the clean water from the top, do your best not to disturb the water as much as possible or it could become mixed again.\nIf you want to avoid the hassle of purifying water in the wilderness using only primitive tools, consider picking up a survival backpack that contains all of the gear you need to get through any mishap. The Uncharted SEVENTY2 Survival Kit is fully equipped with a filter and two water containers so you won’t have to worry.\nIf you’re ready to prepare yourself and your family for any survival situation, pick up an Uncharted survival backpack today.